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Embracing Embodied Carbon and Passive Solar Design: A Sustainable Approach to Architecture

In our quest to combat climate change, it's imperative that we shift our focus beyond just energy-efficient operations and consider the full lifecycle of products and buildings. Embracing embodied carbon, understanding the significance of passive solar design, and returning to the fundamentals of architecture can revolutionize the way we construct and inhabit our built environment. This blog post explores the interconnectedness of these concepts and highlights their role in mitigating climate change while promoting comfort and sustainability.

Green Building

Embodied Carbon: A Hidden Culprit

The environmental impact of a building doesn't begin when it's occupied; it starts with its construction. The materials used, manufacturing processes, and transportation all contribute to a building's embodied carbon – the carbon emissions associated with its creation. Unfortunately, the focus on energy efficiency in the operational phase of buildings has often overshadowed the importance of minimizing embodied carbon.

To tackle this issue, architects and designers must prioritize the use of low-carbon or carbon-neutral materials. Locally sourced materials and those with short supply chains can significantly reduce transportation-related emissions. Additionally, natural materials like wood, straw, and earth can be used in construction, further minimizing the carbon footprint.


Passive Solar Design: Going Back to Basics

Passive solar design is a time-tested approach that leverages the sun's energy to heat and cool buildings naturally. It involves orienting a building according to the sun's angles, strategically placing windows and shading devices, and using thermal mass to store and release heat. This approach not only enhances energy efficiency but also drastically improves comfort and thermal performance.

In the Southern Hemisphere, for instance, orienting a building to maximize solar gain in the winter and providing shade in the summer can make a monumental difference in a building's performance. Deciduous trees planted on the northern aspect can offer natural shading in the summer while allowing sunlight to penetrate during the colder months, reducing the need for artificial heating and cooling.

passive solar

The Forgotten Basics of Architectural Design

Despite the well-documented benefits of passive solar design and sustainable materials, it seems that these fundamental principles have been overshadowed by modern construction techniques and design trends. Many architects today prioritize aesthetics and the latest technologies over the essential elements of sustainable design.

It's time to re-embrace the basics of architecture and prioritize environmental performance. Architectural education and practice should place a renewed emphasis on principles like passive solar design, material selection, and local sourcing. By doing so, architects can lead the way in reducing the carbon footprint of the built environment.

The Role of Local and Natural Materials

One crucial aspect of sustainable architecture is the use of local and natural materials. These materials not only have lower embodied carbon due to reduced transportation, but they also offer a range of other benefits. For example, wood, when sourced sustainably, sequesters carbon, making it a carbon-negative material. Earth-based materials, like adobe or rammed earth, are abundant, durable, and energy-efficient.


By using materials that are readily available in the local environment, architects can minimize their projects' carbon footprint while fostering a connection between the building and its surroundings. This approach not only reduces environmental impact but also celebrates the unique characteristics of the region.


In the battle against climate change, the architectural and construction industry plays a pivotal role. Embracing embodied carbon reduction, passive solar design, and a return to the fundamentals of architecture can transform the way we build and live. By prioritizing these principles and utilizing local and natural materials, architects can create sustainable, efficient, and beautiful structures that benefit both people and the planet. It's time to remember that the key to a sustainable future lies in getting the fundamentals of design right.

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